• “The smartest historical sci-fi adventure-romance story ever written by a science Ph.D. with a background in scripting 'Scrooge McDuck' comics.”—Salon.com
  • A time-hopping, continent-spanning salmagundi of genres.”
  • “These books have to be word-of-mouth books because they're too weird to describe to anybody.”
    —Jackie Cantor, Diana's first editor

Want To Watch Me Write?

Social media hashtags: #DailyLinesWithBusiness, #MinnieAndHalsNovella, #Outin2017

2015-diana-workingThis blog entry is actually part of a longer piece called "Want to Watch Me Write?" that I’m putting together in desultory fashion, between other things. It’s a modest example of what-all goes on my head while I’m writing, including all the thinking that happens before, during and after the writing of a single scene.

Our scenario is that it’s 1743, Harold Grey is struggling to raise his father’s defunct regiment, and has just shot a man named Nathaniel Twelvetrees, who had seduced Hal’s wife (she’s just died a month ago, along with the child to whom she gave birth—and Hal doesn’t know whether it was his or not). Hal’s not very stable emotionally at the moment, and his anxious friend, Harry Quarry, is sticking close by him as Hal goes to call on an officer with a good reputation, whom he’d like to recruit for his new regiment. The man lives in a Georgian terrace—a line of upscale townhouses, facing a common fenced park. Hal and Harry pause by the park, opposite the house they intend to visit. This is the thinking-while-I-write versions of the scene’s beginning; I’ll show you what the (more or less) finished version looks like at the end:

Hal reached through the iron bars of the fence and tweaked a leaf [carefully broke a twig] from one of the bushes [a small tree].

“What are you doing?” Harry demanded, stopping in mid-stride. “Picking a bouquet for your button hole? [ck. Period use of “bouquet” for this, though pretty sure I’m right]

[What does the leaf look like? I want it to be something either striking or aromatic… flip over to Google, “English shrubs,” and within a few clicks get “Seven Fuss-Free Shrubs for your Garden,” with pictures, the first of which is Crataegus persimilis, ‘Prunifolia’—the cockspur thorn, which has “few but very long and sharp thorns” and the instant I read that I know what’s going to happen…]

“No, I wanted to see if this is what I thought it was, but it is.”

“And what’s that, pray?” Harry gave the [wait a minute—have just thought maybe it isn’t a leaf he picked—that’s not the most interesting bit of that plant. Quick shufti beginning with “What does hawthorn smell like” (having picked up that cockspur thorn is a hawthorn, and hit paydirt in several directions. “Hawthorn” is one of the oldest words in English, has a great history in terms of English landscaping, the leaves are said to taste like bread and cheese (at least they’re edible), and (best of all) “the flowers have a scent that is said to be that of a woman sexually aroused.” O, serendipity…]

“And what’s that, pray?” Harry came back a step to look at the twig in Hal’s hand. [go back up and change “tweaked a leaf”] The foliage was cool in his hand; it had rained a bit earlier and the leaves and flowers [this had better be set in springtime, so I can have flowers] were still damp [no “wet” is better, he feels the water on his palm], were still wet, water droplets sliding down his wrist [the inside of his wrist?], disappearing into the cloth of his cuff [frill of his cuff? He’s a dressy man, but “cloth” is alliterative, and would he have a frilled shirt-cuff with his uniform? I like the visual of “frill,” let’s go look (I have a book of British uniforms of the 18th century in my office that would answer this instantly, but as usual, it’s in Arizona and I’m in Ontario, so…)]

[Hiatus of four days, owing to working non-stop at the Fergus Scottish Festival and Highland Games, flying back from Toronto, and then dealing with all the stuff that piles up here when I’m gone for more than 24 hours…]

[Not that I have written nothing in those four days; I’ve done four bloody email interviews, sixteen complicated emails dealing with business; printed, read and signed three different contracts (for the artwork in “I Give You My Body…” which came out yesterday! And arrived as an Amazon #1 Bestseller, which is gratifying. For reasons best known to Amazon, they listed the category as “memoirs”…), for a novella/short story collection, and for a short piece for an odd anthology of car stories (don’t ask; I’ll tell you about it when it comes out in November). Also wrote small pieces of a Book Nine scene and pulled together both a small chunk of Book Nine and a small chunk of Minnie and Hal.]

Where was I? Oh, frills. On the good side, where I am is back in my office, and as expected, a quick glance at UNIFORMS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION (by John Mollo, Illus. Malcolm McGregor, published 1975 MacMillan) show me that yes, indeedy—infantry officers did wear frilled shirt cuffs—though no other regiments’ officers seem to have. So now we have that settled…

Here’s what I’ve actually got of this scene so far:

“Hal reached through the iron bars and carefully broke a twig from a small tree growing by the fence.

“What are you doing?” Harry demanded, stopping in mid-stride. “Picking a bouquet for your button hole?”

“No, I wanted to see if this is what I thought it was, and it is.”

“And what’s that, pray?” Harry came back a step to look at the twig. The foliage was cool in Hal’s hand; it had rained a bit earlier and the leaves and flowers were still wet, water droplets sliding down his wrist and soaking into the cloth of his frilled cuff.”

This doesn’t look like much—and it’s not—but it is a kernel. It’s my way into the page and into this scene. Hal and Harry are moving and speaking, and it will be pretty easy to pick up this conversation when I come back to work on this scene tonight, because obviously Hal’s going to tell Harry that it’s cockspur thorn, continue with the leaves tasting like bread-and-cheese as they cross the street and go up the steps of the house, and end with the scent of the flowers, Hal handing the twig to Harry while he rings the bell [ck if houses had bells in 1743, or only knockers], and as the door opens [to reveal whom? We don’t know…], Harry is discreetly sniffing the flowers, which he puts in his own buttonhole as he follows Hal inside.

But now you see why it takes awhile to write this stuff…

Selected Social Media Comments:

Below are some reader questions about this post from my Social Media accounts (in bold type) with my replies, selected by my Webmistress. Before anyone asks, no, we can’t copy and paste ALL of the comments. <g>

With so many writing projects going on, how do you keep them all straight and not confuse characters and plot lines?

How do you know you just had lunch with your husband and not your best friend? They’re just different things.

“Life is in the details.” Am I right to imagine that you have a general sense of the plot before you start writing, but the details come to you as you write? You’ve told Sam how the series will end, so you know where the plot needs to go, but getting there seems unmapped. I love that you take the readers along for a ride outside the book as well as in it. THANKS!

No, I have no idea of the plot. I don’t plan books out ahead of time, I don’t work with an outline, and I don’t work in a straight line. <g> I have the end of the series, but it actually isn’t part of the plot, if that makes any sense..…

What a gift! This post is a little mini-movie of the written word which helps those of us struggling to become writers. A process. Insight. It may not be ours, but that’s ok! So exciting to see a process that is unique and you and not a regimental set of steps—to get from first word to last. Thank you!

Have never understood why people think a) that there is “a regimented set of steps” to writing something, nor yet b) why you’d follow such a plan if there was one. <g>

I’ve been reading I GIVE YOU MY BODY and I love it as much as any of your books. If there are any of your books, it’s because I haven’t found them! Including the co-written ones with Sam Sykes!

There aren’t any books co-written with Sam. His novels are entirely his own.

Webmistress’s note: Fantasy author Samuel Sykes is Diana’s son. Check out his home page for more information about his work:


I love seeing your process. It makes total sense to me to add those notes (like go back and change x) while you go instead of breaking the train of thought. Thanks for sharing!

But I don’t add those notes; they’re shown here, but in real-time, that’s what I’m thinking—and while I sometimes leave square brackets for a specific piece of missing information—“[tree]”—more often I just go find/check what I need right there—since what I find may well affect what comes next/later.

I have a question related to this, Diana! What does your work with editors look like? Is it very developmental, with constructive feedback shared throughout drafting? More focused on high-level looks at certain checkpoints? Something else entirely? Given your long history as a writer I’m just curious about that part of the process as well. Editor/author dynamics can be so diverse and interesting.

No. <g> I don’t write in drafts, and the way I do write would be impossible for anybody else to have much impact on. I write the book, and when I think it’s finished, I send it (sometimes in chunks, but that depends on the book and how it’s coming together for me) to my U.S. and U.K. editors, and they both send back comments. Some are purely mechanical—catches of repeated passages or imagery, minor confusions of timeline, straightforward typos or minor errors, etc.—and some are asking for clarification of some point or expressing a minor reservation about something—and those are left up to my judgement. But every editor works differently with different writers.

How do you keep these tidbits organized? Do you have multiple pages/tabs? Way back when I had to write papers, we used index cards and outlines. I keep trying to picture your organization as you have said you might write down incidents way ahead of when they fit in into any book. You amaze me ! Love your writing! Thank you for all the enjoyable hours.

It’s just in my head. I do “organize” my scenes, insofar as I give each scene a unique filename so I can find it when I want it. <g> A file name consists of a word signifying which book it is (all the main Outlander novel are called “JAMIE” — JAMIE, JAMIE2, JAMIE3, etc.; we’re now on JAMIE9. Whereas THE SCOTTISH PRISONER was called “PRISON” and BROTHERHOOD OF THE BLADE, “BROTHER.” Each new book has its own folder/directory, into which all its files go.

The filename then has a symbol indicating the year of creation, followed by a dot and a 2-3 digit extension that indicates the date on which I began work on that scene/file. So a scene that I began today, for instance, in BEES, would be called JAMIE9@.91 .One started tomorrow would be JAMIE9@.92, and so on. Files for BEES from 2015 were all called JAMIE9!.(date).

The other component of this very crude organizing system is a file (there’s one for each book) called the MFILE (for “Master File”). This is just a list of the filenames, each being followed by several keywords:

JAMIE9@.313 – coon hunt, Bluey

JAMIE9@.818 – Smokeshed, Brianna and Fanny


So when I write what comes after “Smokeshed,” I can open the MFILE and do a quick search for “One an officer” and I’ll find JAMIE9&.92 (because that’s what I’ll be working on tomorrow).

As to putting the pieces together… I think in shapes. Geometrical shapes. And so sometimes the pieces flow together because of their content (“Root cellar” follows “Smokeshed,” for instance), but sometimes because of the way they fit together, which wouldn’t be easily describable in words, but which is intuitively obvious to ‘em.

What size hard drive do you need for that? Do you have a backup system?

Text/document files really take very little room (though I think I have a 2-gig hard disk in this machine). I have all my writing folders embedded in Dropbox, so when I save to my hard disk, the same file goes automatically to Dropbox (which not only serves as backup, but is accessible from any other of my devices, so I can retrieve the file I made on my Alien (which is huge and weighs nine pounds) to the Mac Air that I travel with—or, in a pinch (if called on unexpectedly to read an excerpt somewhere) I can pull something into my iPad and take it on stage.

That said, I do also back up the most important files once a week to both a thumb-drive and the external Time Machine backup for the Mac. I also print out the scenes as I finish them, for my husband to read, and I throw the annotated copies (after I’ve read them <g>) into a storage box—just in case of EMP’s.

Your writing is very tight. When you include a detail, it is likely to be important or significant later. How far ahead do you look when writing? Did you know that John Grey was going to reappear so many times in so many books? You bring back so many characters when we think we have seen the last of them. Is there a big picture somewhere?

The bigger picture just emerges as I work. People think this or that is clever foreshadowing— when all it is, is that I looked back from some further vantage point and said, “Oh, I could use that bit here, couldn’t I?” <g> (A story doesn’t run in only one direction.)

I think your mind works a lot like mine does. It’s highly nonlinear thought processes that you’re showing here, but there’s a logical flow down each side-path. I wonder if that’s the scientist in us… At any rate, I enjoyed the walking tour of your method, and it is even clearer to me now what a labor of love your writing is. Every scintilla of detail, down to the degree of moisture on the plant, is finely crafted. Thank you for being such a conscientious creator of your world!

Linearity is by no means the only model of logic. <g>

How do you separate fiction from reality? When I am engrossed in one of your books, I feel that I’m looking at the moment through the characters of the book, if that makes sense. The characters seem so real but not. Yet you are living it daily. Probably thinking about the next scene or paragraph of any given project at the time.

Fiction is just a different reality.

I love your brain! Just how many of YOU are in that head?

I’ve never tried to count…

Thank you so much for sharing. I have an idea for something I’d like to write about. I’ve begun the research process but have been lamenting about how to write it. Seeing your process made me realize that my approach is similar to yours and so it begins… Thanks for the inspiration.

All you gotta do is start—and then don’t stop. You’ll figure out the how (or rather, which “how” works for you) as you go.

Everybody’s brain is wired up differently; the key to succeeding (as in, get words on paper <g>) is to figure out how your own brain works best, and work with it, rather than trying to force it into some preconceived notion of “how it’s done.”

You always type your writing? And never write it out in longhand?

If I wrote in longhand, it would be illegible within seconds; I change words, sentences, paragraphs, clauses, pretty much nonstop.

“Desultory” was not in my vocabulary before I read the OUTLANDER series. <g> Nor was “peremptory.”

Stick with me, kid… I can teach you a lotta words…

This blog was first posted on my official Facebook page on September 1, 2016, and appears here with a few selected social media questions/comments and my replies.

93 Responses »

  1. Hello.

    This….what I am attempting now, will be a uphill struggle for me…I need to apologise now for my spelling and grammar and all that goes with properly putting of sentences togeather…. Am Dyslexic which I’ve just had to ask my partner to spell for me again for the hundredth time.

    (Why and who on earth came up with such a word [as "dyslexia"] for those who suffer from the infliction of unable to spell etc…his behound me, thus me thinking it must be some kind of cruel joke).

    Now that’s said …What I wanted to say…..

    I stumbled upon the tv show Outlander; I was very tempted to pass it off… Am more a fan of The walking dead, Banshee, Badlands etc….

    I watched the first episode, it got my interest, from then on I became hooked, some scenes I could not watch for love nor money, but you carried them through to the end, you got the rawness off it so spot on. Somehow, and full credit to you, your creative talent to transforming and transferring feeling, emotion and empathy onto paper is a true gift. I finished reading book eight [Written in My Own Heart's Blood] on my birthday… I spent 30 mins trying to get myself to stop crying and pull it together…. the thought of “never knowing.” And I’ve read the snippets that you have posted for BEES.

    What am trying to say as best as I can is Thank You….. you give me an escape….

    Kind regards,

  2. I can’t get enough of your books. I’m impatiently waiting for book nine. I can’t see the programme as it’s not being shown in Israel.
    best wishes.

  3. I love reading all your books and wait impatiently for your next book in the Outlander series. It has let me escape from my daily duties of taking care of my quadriplegic daughter and granddaughter for brief periods of time. Also I can stay in the room while they watch things on TV not of my choosing. Thus we are all one together. Thank you for giving me this joy.

  4. Look, you’re wearing green screen shoes! Lol! Thank you for sharing how you write. It is fascinating and gives me something concrete to tell people (like my husband who doesn’t read fiction) other than “She’s just a fabulous writer!”

  5. Do you have a method on keeping track of what you’re writing from Claires perspective.Also, Because of you I now know what the name of my disfigure of my hand. No doctor ever gave me a name of what you have so clearly described of my hand. Also for all the words I learned and share with my grandchildren. Findly is so nice to know that you come from the same area. I was born in for corners . Thanks for sharing your gifts.

  6. I love all your books and the shows ,I can hardly wait the book number 9.I am kind of curious about some of characters names in one book you have my Grandmother (name)in there,I find very interesting.Keep up the good work.

  7. Dear Diana

    I am a 81 year old Australian and just love your novels. I read the Outlander and fell in love! Since then I have read the following 7 books and now feel I am part of the Fraser family…….as a matter of fact, I have now read the first 8 books in the series three times.

    Diana, I am absolutely determined that I will, at least, read the ninth book in the Outlander series. Is it possible for you to give me an approximate date that I must reach if I am to achieve my ambition?

    Thanks and best wishes
    Trevor Davis

    • Hi, Trevor,

      Diana plans to finish BEES (Book 8) this year (2019). As soon as a publication date is set, it will be posted here by Diana on her official website, and she will also post it on her official facebook and twitter accounts.

      Hang in there! Not long to go.

      Diana’s Webmistress

  8. I would love to see Jamie travel to Minden day with Clare and his family. In the very first episode he was seen in the future. He was staring up at a window where Clare was awaiting Frank. In fact, Frank saw him and he disappeared. Jamie was in the future

  9. Hi Diana,
    Thank you for creating such an amazing world, I love that there some real history in your amazing books, you’ve done such an amazing job.
    I watched season one after it all aired on TV and season two had just started and after the 2nd episode I had asked my best friend for her copy of your books,(she had just finished reading them) because I was so hooked. And I love your style of writing, I suffer from a great deal of nerve pain in my lower back, to the point that I’m stuck on the couch or bed for hours unable to move. And once I started reading your books it made being stuck in bed not such a bad thing. I was able to read all your books with in a few months.
    I had decovered the Audiobooks after reading all the books. And started them from the start. They are just as amazing, the lady does such a great job at reading them and making you feel like your there. I’ve knitted and listened, done house work while listening , been in the car while listening, and sat in a parking lot at the store because I didn’t want to stop listening. And when my pain is at high in the middle of the night, I put my headphones on and listen. It helps me get through the pain. I’m now trying to buy them all for my e-reader.
    Can’t wait for what’s coming next.
    May this upcoming year be an amazing one. Thanks again for giving us all such an amazing world to walk into.

    From Amanda

  10. I have read all the books in the series and am hoping that there will be several more to come. I would really love to see you write an Outlander Handbook dedicated to all the holistic medicinal treatments, and herbal folk remedies (oral and topical etc) as well as, edible plants, rustic period outdoor survival without modern conveniences (safety-shelter, how to safely access ingestible water, food, preparation for defense against natural predators), and field first aid techbiques, and period gardening tips that are scattered throughout the entire book series be put into one book. I found myself fascinated by the ones woven throughout the series, but would love to see them in a more organized and condensed handbook form.

  11. I impatiently await Book 9, though Season 4 has kept my anxiety at bay. I just hope that George RRRRRR Martin is not rubbing off on you, though I don’t even waste my breath to complain about why he has not finished his book. I don’t know what I will do if the series comes to an end, so the one thing that provides hope is that at some point there is always another book somewhere in the future. I hope you will continue the series for a very long time.

    • Hi, Frank,

      Diana plans to finish GO TELL THE BEES THAT I AM GONE this year. When a publication date is set, it will be announced here, on Diana’s official website. It takes a long time to write her OUTLANDER series books, which are large and require a lot of historical and other research as well as the writing.

      Diana has announced that Book Ten (no title yet) will be the last of the OUTLANDER series of major novels. After book ten, she plans to write a prequel novel about Jamie’s parents, plus another novel about Master Raymond, one of Claire’s fellow time travelers. So there are lots of good things planned after book ten! And Diana also started a contemporary mystery book years ago which she never had time to finish.

      So hang on! Lots to look forward to in the Outlander universe…

      Diana’s Webmistress

  12. I have loved reading all the books. I live in England but have been to Scotland so can visualise the places mentioned in your books. Although I have not travelled in America I have travelled across Canada and seen the wooded mountains and water falls and lakes so that is probably similar to Fraser’s Ridge.

    History has always been my love from school days so the Outlander books fulfil that in spades full. What I hadn’t expected was Clare’s medicinal use of herbs to arouse an interest in me which I have never previously had.

    I have always grown herbs for culinary use but not medicinal. I have now been on three courses for the medicinal use of herbs which were fascinating. The herbalist informed us that many people are now using herbs because of the side effects of many of the modern drugs although there is no substitute for some drugs for series illnesses. I have also bought several books on this subject.

    So thank you for arousing this interest in me. I look forward to reading book 9.

  13. I would like to know if the reality of the TV show, Outlander, has any impact on your current writings. Obviously there are a lot of current characters in the books who have not yet been introduced on the TV show, and I wonder if you have begun to write with particular actors/actresses in mind. Or have the current actors/actresses brought something to a character that you have then incorporated into the book. Possibly a mannerism, or a physical characteristic, or anything really.
    This is a question that comes to mind from re-reading books 7 & 8, and coming across your description of Lizzie Wemyss’ toes during the birth of her 2nd child.

  14. I was very lucky to buy all the books in hard copy. Just watched Season 4 non stop and love it–very close to the books. And got Lord John books too. I can’t wait for #9.

    Thank you,

  15. I have read all 8 Outlander books. I look forward to reading book 9. Is it still possible the 9th book will be released in 2019?

  16. I am waiting on pins and needles for your 9th book. I am completely and utterly impressed with the time and care you give your books. So, while I wait, I am rereading all 8 books, and watching the series. This weekend may be a good time for a Shepherd’s Pie.

  17. Is there a final prin/publish date for “Bees
    ?” I’ve read all of your books! Need the next one!!
    Thank you!

    • Annette,

      No, not yet, because I’m working now on finishing the book. It is Not Done Yet but Coming Along Very Nicely. It takes time to write 700-page books with lots of historical background in them. After I finish BEES and send it to my publisher, it’s up to them when it will be released. News about its publication date will be posted prominently here on my official webpages, and on my official facebook and twitter accounts.

      What happens after I finish writing a book and send it to my publishers? Where does it go, and who does what to it? It is more complicated that you might think, and I wrote a blog about this topic in 2015:

      Click here to read “What Finished Means To An Author.”

      Happy New Year!


  18. You are my favorite author, and that is impressive since I read voraciously! I really enjoy fantasy and did not know your son wrote, so I am looking forward to investigating his books! Hal Grey fascinates me, are you planning more shorts stories about he and his family? The amount of research you do is amazing! How many researchers do you employ?
    Thank you for your books!

    • Hi, Kathryn,

      Diana is busy this week, so I’m responding to web comments for her (the ones I know the answers to, that is!). I’m the nerd who helps keep her website running.

      Answer: Diana employs one researcher… Herself!

      She loves to dig into the details, the history, and the science. In my opinion, that is her wonderful strength as an author (and former PhD scientist)!


      Diana’s Webmistress

  19. Dear Madame,

    Like so many other commenters, I am a huge fan and a fledgling writer still working on my first book about a young couple caught in our nations first civil war—the American Revolution. It takes place around a small village known as Ninety Six in South Carolina, and writing it has been unlike anything I have ever experienced. I fought in Afghanistan, moved all over, jumped from airplanes, sired three children with my wife, and now teach history at a four year university—yet writing this book is a thrill that is altogether unique.

    My ADD personality (and yes I am the clinical kind!) has me writing “into the dark” which makes the story unpredictable and SUPER HARD to keep it all lined up. I have been using a free online writing tool known as MyStory which has helped (but not ensured) my organization. Do you find yourself going down rabbit holes when researching something that came up in your writing (like the Hawthorne?)

    I shall endeavor to avoid writing a novella for a comment and get to my last question. I have come to find myself getting so emotionally invested and attached to some of my characters that the very idea of having them die is almost unthinkable. Do you have the same issue when it comes to characters like Jamie or Brianna? I can’t see Claire dying simply because of the first-person narrative in her chapters.

    Thank you for the service and contribution to the pantheon of great literature. I am sure Tolstoy or Dickens is wringing their hands at the prospect of being deposed!

    Your Most Humble and Obedient Servant,

    David Hechler, Esq.

    Post Scriptum: As a historian, I appreciate the way in which you write in the style of the 18th century!

    Post Post Scriptum: I have found writing my book to be an awful distraction from my duty to my students! Shame on me.

  20. I would love to order book 9 on my iPad. Please tell me how I can do this, and when it will be ready.

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