• “The smartest historical sci-fi adventure-romance story ever written by a science Ph.D. with a background in scripting 'Scrooge McDuck' comics.”—Salon.com
  • A time-hopping, continent-spanning salmagundi of genres.”
  • “These books have to be word-of-mouth books because they're too weird to describe to anybody.”
    —Jackie Cantor, Diana's first editor

FILM/TV COMMENTARY, Part I: Adaptation, Logistics, and Testicles

Reaffirm Life memeSince book-touring is done (thank GOD!) and the show is on hiatus, we have a bit of time to stop, think, and catch up on the email…

So—I thought I might address a few recent comments and questions on Episode 8. Not to refute people’s opinions—everyone’s entitled to think as they like, and say so—but just to show you a bit about How Things Work.

While most people were riveted—as they should have been; it was a terrific episode—there were a few who were upset at things they perceived to be "missing"—these including:

  • Scenes of one-on-one dialogue between Jamie and Claire
  • More scenes of intimacy
  • Claire patching people up and doing healing
  • And specifically… the "waterweed" scene following the Grants’ raid.

(One person also thought we should have seen the redcoats stalking Claire, rather than have them pop out abruptly to seize her as she reaches for the stone.)

And there were a number of questions regarding the "Deserter" scene—mostly as to whether Claire had actually been raped or not (and if she had, what kind of doofus was Jamie for going off to talk to Dougal instead of tenderly cradling her and soothing her, etc.).


As I replied to one such commenter:

"Well….your comments pinpoint the major difference between Book and Show: Time.

ALL the things you wanted to see—one on one Jamie and Claire, more scenes of intimacy, relationship building, Claire patching people up, etc.—ALL of them, are things that would require extended chunks of time (‘extended,’ in a TV show, is anything that lasts more than 60 seconds). None of these things are ‘action,’ none of them move the plot in any direct way.

The show has 52-55 minutes in which to do everything that has to be done. They don’t have time to do nice-but-nonessential "Oh, wait while I triage the whole group, bandage Angus’s scorched hand and reset Ned Gowan’s tooth," or "Oh, my God, I know we just had sex, but let’s do it again…"

In short…if you want more of all those things—you can have ‘em. In the book. <g>"

Now, a successful adaptation is always balancing the needs of the story versus the exigencies of the form. As Andrew Marvell notes to "His Coy Mistress,"— "Had we but world and time, this coyness, mistress, were no crime…" I have world and time in a novel; pretty much all I want. I can shape the story to fit my own notion of pace, rhythm, focus and climax. So can a show-runner and his gang of writers—but they don’t have world and time. They have to decide what’s essential, and then shape the story to the time available and to the necessity for each 55-minute episode to have a satisfying dramatic arc of its own.


(in reply to the person complaining about the redcoats’ abrupt appearance):

"But…the redcoats came out of ‘nowhere’ in the book, as well, when they pull Claire out of the stream. It isn’t that they aren’t ‘there’—it’s that in neither case does Claire see them, because she’s so totally focused on her goal…and we’re in her head, so we don’t see them, either.

To have shown the soldiers sneaking in from the side, while Claire was laboring up the hill, calling for Frank, would have given us a different sort of suspense in the scene—but would have been a distraction from the growing sense of desperate hope between Claire and Frank. And that was the true point of the scene.

See, one of the main tools of good story-telling is focus; getting the reader/viewer to look where you want them to look. And physical reality is really a pretty small part of that. The fact that X must have been there may be logical—but it isn’t relevant, so you don’t show it. Q.E.D. <g>"

Now, the focus of that scene is really what’s controlling it, and thus dictating changes from the book. Several people expressed disappointment at not seeing Claire fall into the water and be pulled out by the redcoats. Amusing as that might have been, it’s merely a way of interrupting her headlong rush toward the stones and getting her into Captain Randall’s clutches. The way it was done instead accomplishes that same plot goal—but also makes a very solid and dramatic point about her longing for Frank and his for her. So the adapted form is not detracting from the original version; in fact, it’s adding to it, and giving us a really good two-for-one, combining plot and character development/backstory reminder.

When Ron and I met in New York for the first-ever Outlander Fan Event, we shared a long cab-ride to the event, during which we talked Book. I told him why the flowers at Craigh na Dun are forget-me-nots and why the ghost is there (and no, I’m not telling you guys; you’ll find out, eventually <g>), and he told me about his vision of that scene with Claire and Frank approaching the stones from either side. I thought that was a great idea and said so.

See, that’s something that I couldn’t have done in the book, because it’s told entirely from Claire’s point of view. We can’t see what Frank was doing and going through after Claire disappeared. I preserved Claire’s worry about/attachment to Frank by having her think about him and grieve for him periodically—but that’s all internal; the only way of doing internal monologue in a visual medium is voice-overs, and I think y’all would agree that it’s best to keep that technique to a minimum…

But it’s simple to change time, place and viewpoint in a visual medium; one shot and you’re there. Also, since you’re working in a constrained time-space, the balance of viewpoints is easier to manage.

Technically, it’s possible to use multiple viewpoints in a book — (in fact, I got a note from one of my editors (regarding a chunk of MOBY I’d sent him) saying, "Congratulations… I think you’ve just done the literary equivalent of juggling half a dozen chainsaws.") — but OUTLANDER was my first book, written for practice, and I wasn’t out to make things too complicated. Had I used flashbacks of Frank’s life in the context of a book of that size, they’d either be overwhelming, or trivial distractions. Used in the context of a 55-minute TV episode, they were beautifully balanced against Claire’s 18th century life.

In addition, there’s a visceral punch to seeing Frank’s actions that gives you an instant emotional investment in him and his story. I probably have the chops to do such a thing effectively in print now, but I didn’t when I wrote OUTLANDER (and in fact, I wouldn’t have thought of doing it; I wanted most of the focus on Jamie and the 18th century, both because that’s where most of the color and action and Story was, but also to assist the reader in falling in love with Jamie along with Claire, so that we would understand her later choices. But just as the visual invests the viewers in Frank, it does the same for Jamie—are we in any doubt, following "The Wedding" that Claire is falling in love with him?).

See, a visual medium speeds things up. You don’t necessarily need the longer build-up that you have in text, because the images are much more immediate, and easier for the audience to absorb in an emotional way.

OK, moving on to the was-it-rape? scene and the aftermath…

Well, the people who’ve read the book (and remember it <g>) know it was attempted rape. Claire grabbed her attacker around the neck while he was fumbling for a, um, connection, pulled him down and stabbed him in the kidney—but he never did succeed in penetrating her.

The TV-only people probably think he did succeed because one of the "warnings" at the beginning was an "R" for "Rape," even though there isn’t one in the episode. Now, whether whoever put the warning on thought that’s what happened, or whether it’s merely a "trigger" warning (i.e., people with a sensitivity to scenes of sexual assault might want to know there is such a scene in this episode)…I don’t know.

But this is one of those things where stuff from the book actually can’t be shown adequately. It’s absolutely clear from the book, because we’re in Claire’s head, and we know what she was perceiving. But the shot can’t be under her skirt—and unless they put in a line where Claire tells Jamie, "Don’t worry, he didn’t manage to get it in…" (which would not only be crude, but would grossly undercut her—and the audience’s—sense of shock and dislocation)…then it’s not going to be clear to viewers, who will have to be left to draw their own conclusions.

Same diff with the "waterweed" scene. This is a scene in the book that occurs between the fight with the Grants and the men instructing Claire next morning in the art of killing people. It’s a very vivid scene (sufficiently vivid that the U.K. editor asked me to remove it from her edition of the book, she thinking it "too graphic" for her audience. <cough> So this scene is in OUTLANDER but not in CROSS STITCH. The relevant part of the scene is available below, for convenient reference), and extremely memorable to readers, many of whom complained about its omission in the episode.

I didn’t discuss the decision to omit this scene with the production team, both because I try not to nitpick them, and because I could easily see why it was omitted:

  1. It doesn’t advance the plot or develop an important bit of character. It reaffirms Jamie and Claire’s strong sense of/need for each other, but there are a lot of other scenes that do that (we see one within the next five minutes). Ergo, it’s not necessary. (And that consideration is why I reluctantly agreed to remove the scene from the U.K. book. Its removal didn’t damage the plot structure or deprive us of anything we really needed. In that respect, it’s one of only two scenes in OUTLANDER that aren’t structurally attached to something else (the Loch Ness monster scene is the other one)).
  2. See remarks above about time. Including this scene would have meant leaving out something else; and everything in this episode is necessary to the purpose intended by the writer/production team.
  3. The scene wouldn’t have been nearly as effective on film as it is on the page—and the reasons have to do with Claire’s subjective sensory perceptions. You simply can’t show most of what she’s experiencing without it being pornography (and even so, there’s no possible way of showing a man’s testicles contracting at the moment of orgasm, no matter how professionally accommodating your actor may be). But you can describe it, vividly and straightforwardly in text, without it being gross. Without those subjective bits from Claire’s interior point of view, though, the scene doesn’t have either the deep sense of intimacy or the intense sensuality that you have in the book version; it’s just another sex-scene (albeit one admittedly with some fairly funny dialogue). And while some shows would likely use repetitive sex-scenes just because people will watch them… that’s luckily not a technique this show goes for. Every sex-scene you see has an emotional point or a plot point to make.

And now I really must go and do some work. <g>


#ReadWhileYouWait #OUTLANDER #RaidersInTheRocks #NoSpoilersInThisOne

[The rent party has retired for the night, and Jamie and Claire are conversing quietly under their blankets.]

I rolled over and put my arms about his neck.

"Not as proud as I was. You were wonderful, Jamie. I’ve never seen anything like that."

He snorted deprecatingly, but I thought he was pleased, nonetheless.

"Only a raid, Sassenach. I’ve been doin’ that since I was fourteen. It’s only in fun, ye see; it’s different when you’re up against someone who really means to kill ye."

"Fun," I said, a little faintly. "Yes, quite."

His arms tightened around me, and one of the stroking hands dipped lower, beginning to inch my skirt upward. Clearly the thrill of the fight was being transmuted into a different kind of excitement.

"Jamie! Not here!" I said, squirming away and pushing my skirt down again.

"Are ye tired, Sassenach?" he asked with concern. "Dinna worry, I won’t take long." Now both hands were at it, rucking the heavy fabric up in front.

"No!" I replied, all too mindful of the twenty men lying a few feet away. "I’m not tired, it’s just—" I gasped as his groping hand found its way between my legs.

"Lord," he said softly. "It’s slippery as waterweed."

"Jamie! There are twenty men sleeping right next to us!" I shouted in a whisper.

"They wilna be sleeping long, if you keep talking." He rolled on top of me, pinning me to the rock. His knee wedged between my thighs and began to work gently back and forth. Despite myself, my legs were beginning to loosen. Twenty-seven years of propriety were no match for several hundred thousand years of instinct. While my mind might object to being taken on a bare rock next to several sleeping soldiers, my body plainly considered itself the spoils of war and was eager to complete the formalities of surrender. He kissed me, long and deep, his tongue sweet and restless in my mouth.

"Jamie," I panted. He pushed his kilt out of the way and pressed my hand against him.

"Bloody Christ," I said, impressed despite myself. My sense of propriety slipped another notch.

"Fighting gives ye a terrible cockstand, after. Ye want me, do ye no?" he said, pulling back a little to look at me. It seemed pointless to deny it, what with all the evidence to hand. He was hard as a brass rod against my bared thigh.


He took a firm grip on my shoulders with both hands.

"Be quiet, Sassenach," he said with authority. "It isn’t going to take verra long."

It didn’t. I began to climax with the first powerful thrust, in long, racking spasms. I dug my fingers hard into his back and held on, biting the fabric of his shirt to muffle my sounds. In less than a dozen strokes, I felt his testicles contract, tight against his body, and the warm flood of his own release. He lowered himself slowly to the side and lay trembling.

The blood was still beating heavily in my ears, echoing the fading pulse between my legs. Jamie’s hand lay on my breast, limp and heavy. Turning my head, I could see the dim figure of the sentry, leaning against a rock on the far side of the fire. He had his back tactfully turned. I was mildly shocked to realize that I was not even embarrassed. I wondered rather dimly whether I would be in the morning, and wondered no more.

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129 Responses »

  1. Hi Mrs Gabaldon,
    I am beyond Thankful for your Authorship and Mr Moore’s Artistry, what a fabulous Team the two of you make, each in your own areas of creativity ! The worst thing about the Starz Series, is that we have to wait a week in between Episodes, and until April 4th to continue the Story, and then we will have to wait a week ……
    I am also enormously happy that the Countryside we see is truly Scotland. My Paternal grandfather was born in Glasgow in the late 1800′s a little more than 100 yrs post Jamie and Claire. I feel a very real connection with all things Celtic/Gaelic. So often in Film, we are disappointed find that all the Outdoor scenes we thought were really shot ,not in say Spain, but in some obscure small town in South Dakota. I will probably not live long enough to actually go to Scotland and touch my personal Roots, so I consider the Cinematography in the series a most rare and wonderful gift ! Thank you again for such a marvelous book and for allowing it to come to life in the amazing fashion we are privileged to witness “each week” on Stars .

    ps….Does the wording of “Adapted for Television” confuse the more critical Readers expectations ?

  2. Dear Diana,
    I must confess, I was not aware of your books until “Outlander” began on Starz. I have since read all 8 of the Outlander series, all of the Lord John series and have just finished “The Scottish Prisoner” – all amazing books.
    I lost my husband (another wonderful redhead) at the end of 2013 so, your enchanting stories came to me at a time when I so needed an escape from my grief. You, your books, Jamie, Claire and the Starz series (which I have watched at least 4 times, in its entirty) have in part helped me put my life back together. For this I am so very thankful.

    Your forever fan
    PS. the Outlander Companion has been a wonderful read, I hope your plan is to write another for the remaining books.

    • Dear Peggy–

      I’m so sorry to hear about your lovely husband. Pleased that the books could be some small distraction for you. I’m just getting dug into Book Nine, and I hope you’ll enjoy it when it’s done!

      All the best,


  3. Dear Diana, Loved OUTLANDER on Starz, and was just wondering will it be out on DVD? Thanks for your wonderful books.

  4. - I must be in the minority here, but I’m SO sick of people shagging all over the screen. Do it once to advance intimacy and leave off. Or fade tastefully to black? Get a little bawdy, fine. But I probably skipped 30 pages of sex in the first outlander novel! In the TV series I have the fast forward button. Very convenient and amusing to see people thrashing around in double time. Kind of reminds me when the Master aged the Doctor really fast…

    - I also feel that Claire is more abrasive in the show. She’s a bit warmer and more bungling and sweet in the novels. Always getting into mischief. Finally seeing some of that in the last episodes.

    - Btw, the Jaime fangirls? Please save me from them! I’m actually really interested in the psychology of fangirls. I mean, why? I want to know! Jaime is a great character, but I admire his morality, honor, cleverness, and easy and open faith more than I do his fictional bottom.

    - To Diana, if you read this: hopefully this commentary will make you laugh. Thank you for having a brain and making fiction so well-researched that even I can’t pick it apart. And your sex scenes are all very perfect and naturally timed, I just am more interested when they do other things. So hope you don’t mind when I skip them. ;)

    • Dear Gabrielle–

      I don’t mind in the slightest. [g] Once you’ve bought the book, you can read it in any manner that suits you.

      As to the ladies who like to discuss the racier elements ad infinitum…I think this is likely caused as much by boredom while waiting for the next Starz episode or book, as by uncontrollable lasciviousness. But that’s a purely amateur opinion.



  5. I am a mature woman in my 40s and and have read my fair share of novels (now half way through Dragonfly in Amber) but never have I fallen in love with a fictional character…. It’s really quite disturbing (most pleasantly so)!!! And Sam Heughan truly embodies your Jamie in the tv adaptation:)
    Your writing style reaches me in a unique way -I feel like I know these characters as if they were part of my own life!
    Scottish, but living in Spain, your stories serve to remind me of my beautiful country and it’s wonderful people in times of homesickness.
    So glad I was introduced to Outlander.
    Best wishes to you x

  6. Well gosh, so darned many ladies reading, watching, commenting…. And here I am, a nearly 62 y.o. retired Navy guy who also enjoys your books. I will honestly admit that until I accidently stumbled on the Outlander series on Starz I did not know anything about the books nor the talented Ms. Gabaldon. I have perhaps rectified that situation a bit with the purchase of the eight novels (as Nook Books) and am now finishing MOBY. The detail and complex nature of the story and characters will indeed require that I immediately begin a complete re-read and am looking forward to it. For Ms. Gabaldon, “Bravo Zulu” (Well done…!)

  7. It’s MOBY don’t you know….you’ve made me cry again. Perhaps I’m not too old for that…

  8. Tá mé tús curtha go deimhin a léamh an leabhair arís .

  9. I can’t tell you how disappointed I was with the Outland TV series. It didn’t show anything about going thru the stones. It changed the whole storyline between Jamie and Sir John. It changed the tension from Jamie and Sir John to Clair and Sir John. It showed flashbacks to Clair and her husband that are totally different from the book. I watched the first 4 episodes and will not watch anymore because it’s not true to the book. How could you sell out like that?

  10. Did you know…? Lord Lovat Fraser…. Simon Fraser, the 15th Lord Lovat and 25th Chief of Clan Fraser of Lovat was one of the first volunteers for the commando units formed in 1940. June 6, 1944, D-Day – Brigadier Lord Lovat commanded the First Special Service Brigade and landed on Sword Beach. With him was “Piper” Bill Millin who struck up “Blue Bonnets” keeping the pipes going as the commando unit moved up the beach. Lord Lovat Fraser as wounded in the attack on Breville on June 12, 1944 thus ending his combat service. Sadly he passed in 1995. Finally, Lord Lovat Fraser was played by Peter Lawford in the movie, “The Longest Day.” Regards, Jgale

  11. Oh no…. I swear it was an innocent mistake. I am NOT a writer, only an avid reader. I did not provide the source of the information I shared in my previous post. Apologies…! And I hope that I haven’t broken some rule or regulation happily unknown to me.

    So in way of background… I am retired Navy and (please don’t faint) an NRA member. In the May 2015 issue of the NRA’s “American Rifleman” there is, on page 38, an article entitled, “The Most Famous Rifle of D-Day…Wasn’t There?” It was in this article that I found the information related to Simon Fraser that I shared in my earlier posting. I merely thought folks would like to hear this interesting tidbit but clearly forgot to provide appropriate attribution. Again, my apologies…! Regards, Jgale

  12. I’m wondering if Diana Gabaldon has read any of the writings of Dr. Hugh Nibley, an expert on ancient temples and languages. Dr. Nibley claimed that stone circles were ancient temples where observations of the cosmos were also made. His research showed that the ancients believed the rituals in the temples transcended time. In his book “Temples and the Cosmos” published in 1976, he even uses the word ‘Outland’ to describe the way the temple were perceived. In fact, I see a lot of religious symbolism in the Outlander series beginning with the opening scene with animal blood on the door lentils.

    Outlander is a beautiful story of how a marriage can survive every adversity. It’s everyone’s journey through life, and that also has it’s own set of symbols. Or am I reading too much into it?

    I just wish the STARZ version wasn’t so sexually graphic. It destroys the sacred nature of marriage and leaves nothing to the imagination. I find myself feeling sorry for the actors and what they’ve been asked to do. I hope they are paying them well!

    • Dear Susan–

      Really? I think the scenes of married love are entirely tasteful and beautiful, myself–but tastes differ, of course.

      No, I’d not come across Dr. Nibley–I’ll certainly go and find his book, though; thanks for the recommendation!



  13. Hi Diana

    I’ve just finished reading WIMOHB, and am already biting my nails waiting for the next book! Your writing is incredible, and I am loving the TV series too. One question which has probably been asked of you many times before ~ why does BJR break Jamie’s left hand in the series, when it was his right hand in the book?

    Many thanks

    • Dear Liz–

      Because Sam Heughan is right-handed. They tried having him “act” lefty for the first few episodes, but it quickly became clear that it wouldn’t work long-term; he has to do very active things like sword-fighting too often. So they quietly dropped that. Given that there’s no background about Jamie’s left-handedness in the show, I can’t see that it should make the slightest difference.



  14. Hi Diana,
    I don’t know where else to look for the info about the TV series. I’ve checked all of your info & went through all of STARZ website for it. Season One was incredible. Ron & his team did such an outstanding job following the book. I’m now afraid I’m going to miss Season 2. I know you’ve said you don’t have “inside information” but I was hoping you might have heard something?!
    Can you help a fan out? If I watch the DVDs any more I’m afraid they’ll wear out…


  15. Goodness, I just typed all my comment and then because the email address was not complete I’ve got to try and remember all I said. One new comment, I hate computer keyboards!

    I have read all of the Outlander series and enjoyed them immensely. I have shared them verbally with my husband. He is a slower reader and the very size of the books put him off. Now however, having seen the first two seasons of the TV series, he might be more amiable to reading them. So glad we discovered the disc at the Family Video store. Hopefully, we haven’t missed any of the new season.

    Please keep writing and we will continue to enjoy.

  16. For me, the series on STARZ has greatly enhanced my envisioning of the story as I read the book series. Coming to the books late in the game, the STARZ series actually were what alerted me to the book series. I was so interested in how long the books have been published…how did I ever miss them? Being an avid reader, and <> wishing always to be a writer, though <> have never tried, you inspire me Diana.
    Your story lines are so wonderful and incredibly researched. My favorite books (before starting yours, Diana), were Gone With the Wind, Winds of War, and War and Remembrance. You have knocked them all of their respective pedestals, and amazingly the genres seem to compare. My taste runs to historical novels based on real people and events with romance and characters built into the history, rounding out the story and making it more interesting. History is a love of mine, and before I chose my career, which is nursing (how very Claire of me!) I had seriously considered Literature and History. Now one of my new passions is Scotland, which I visited at the age of 14 on one of those 30 day tours (if it’s Tuesday this must be Belgium). I remember Edinburgh and the castle, buying a tartan (although I am allergic to wool) and how chilly it was even though it was in summer. I look forward to your next book and the last book (wish they would never end) and hope you are doing well, Diana. One day I would love to meet you in person.


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